During the programming phase the client's needs and objectives are identified. Questions regarding the specific function(s) of the space, who will be using the space and furniture and equipment requirements will be discussed. Measurements and photos are also taken at this time.
In the schematic design phase, conceptual floor plans, space planning and furniture layouts are developed. Circulation patterns and minimum clearances are considered and applied to the floor plan. Rough sketches and elevations are created, preliminary furniture and finish ideas are developed and then presented to the client for review and revision.
After final approval of the schematic design, the designer develops floor plans, elevations and other related items in greater detail. Colors and finishes are refined, furniture, fabrics and equipment are selected and cost estimates are prepared. The resulting design is presented to the client for review, revision and final approval.
In the first phase of Construction Documentation, the specific details of the work to be completed are documented. These details include millwork specifications, finish selections such as flooring and paint, lighting plans and fixture selection, plumbing location and fixture selection, and electrical layouts in regard to the total scope of work to be completed. In the second phase, bids are obtained, contractors selected, and purchase orders are issued.
This is the final stage where designs come to life and are built and installed. The designer is often onsite during "installation" to ensure items are received in good condition, installed correctly, and that documents have been followed properly.